The chip market has shrunk in 2023 for smartphones, PCs and data centers, as corporate customers and consumers curtail spending in an economy weakened by inflation and rising interest rates, creating an unprecedented oversupply of commodity chips.
The oversupply resulted in a combined record of 15.2 trillion won ($12 billion) first-half operating loss for the world’s two largest memory chipmakers, Samsung and SK Hynix.
The glut is beginning to ease amid production cuts and a 11% decline in PC shipments over the June quarter compared to a 30% slump in each of the previous two quarters, data from tech analysts Canalys showed.
The smartphone market is also on the rise, with cellphone shipments falling 8% in the June quarter, versus 14% in the first quarter, according to research firm Counterpoint.
“Demand is recovering very gradually,” Woohyun Kim, chief financial officer at SK Hynix, said on an earnings call this week.
“The recent improvement in PC shipments has been mainly led by promotions and low-end models, meaning it provided limited impact on chip demand recovery,” he added.
Despite chip demand increases to support generative AI as platforms like ChatGPT are launched, the sector only makes up a small portion of overall demand while crimping corporate spending on servers.
Meanwhile, Intel CEO Pat Gelsinger said on Thursday an inventory glut in server central processing units (CPUs) will persist until the second half of the year and that data center chip sales will decline modestly in the third quarter before recovering in the fourth quarter.
China, the world’s biggest chip buyer, is now reducing its overall overlook, both Samsung and SK Hynix said China’s reopening did not invigorate the smartphone market and they were prolonging production cuts of NAND memory chips, which are used in smartphones to store digital data.
Lam CEO Tim Archer said on a conference call with analysts said, “Advanced AI servers have significantly higher leading-edge logic, memory and storage content versus traditional servers, and every incremental 1% penetration of AI servers and data centers is expected to drive $1 billion to $1.5 billion of additional (chip equipment) investment.”
Chipmakers are also increasing production of the high-end chips used to support AI related chips.
Reuters contributed to this report.